Network Analysis of Drugs of Abuse in Ohio and Policy Implications

Network Analysis of Drugs of Abuse in Ohio and Policy Implications
Author : Beth E. Gersper
Publisher :
Total Pages : 110
Release : 2019
ISBN 10 : OCLC:1147702768
ISBN 13 :
Language : EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drugs of abuse have been a thorn in the side of America since early history. This social ill rears its head in epidemic proportions across the nation, while national, state and local governments attempt to control it through legislation and support for prevention, treatment and law enforcement efforts. Ohio efforts seem unending, while patterns of drug abuse remain evident and polysubstance abuse is pervasive throughout drug-abusing populations. Targeted as these efforts may be, society continues to reel from the effects of drug addiction. A review of literature in drug abuse policy and polysubstance abuse reveals traditional research about political, economic and social aspects of drug use. However, studies have not adequately shown the relationship among and between drugs of abuse. This study encourages examining this topic through a complex systems theory lens, so more effective policy may be created. Three data sources (law enforcement, post mortem, and treatment) provide distinct contextual aspects of drug abuse systems, while complex systems theory provides the tools for understanding relational aspects. This study is foundational in understanding drug systems. Network analysis and triangulation examine these systems in a new way that bridges the gap between theory and practice. This framework provides the necessary information for efficient and effective, data-driven decision making. Network modeling and triangulation show drugs of abuse behave as a system with complete networks that are dense and cohesive. However, differences in network measures indicate relational distinctions by context. Pearson's correlation reveals most significant relationships as negative. Drug clusters shared across data sources are heroin with cocaine, prescription opioids with stimulants; and hallucinogens with marijuana. This study makes explicit previously tacit knowledge about the associations between drugs of abuse and advances the field by offering a new approach for studying drugs. Policy makers need to challenge previous efforts and employ research-based discussion. Policy must focus on data as a driver of decisions, collaboration and improvement efforts. Active surveillance remains a vital role in identifying trends and informing decision-makers. Continuous quality improvement must be supported for monitoring drug systems and making necessary, timely adjustments.


RELATED BOOKS:
Analysis of Drugs of Abuse
Language: en
Pages: 231
Authors: Rabi A. Musah
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-07-19 - Publisher: Humana

This volume features a comprehensive set of protocols featuring a range of both old and new technologies that can be used to analyze drugs of abuse, including prescription drugs, new psychoactive substances and psychoactive plants. Chapters guide readers through the application of color tests, light microscopy-based particle imaging, GC-MS, Raman
Handbook of Forensic Drug Analysis
Language: en
Pages: 584
Authors: Fred Smith
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2004-12-31 - Publisher: Elsevier

The Handbook of Forensic Drug Analysis is a comprehensive chemical and analytic reference for the forensic analysis of illicit drugs. With chapters written by leading researchers in the field, the book provides in-depth, up-to-date methods and results of forensic drug analyses. This Handbook discusses various forms of the drug as
The Analysis Of Drugs Of Abuse: An Instruction Manual
Language: en
Pages: 184
Authors: M D Cole
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 1994-11-30 - Publisher: CRC Press

Provides a self-teaching reference text for forensic chemistry laboratories and law enforcement agencies world-wide. The text includes sections on the importance of physical examinations of drugs and their wrappings; and the use of gas and high-performance chromatography.
Hair Analysis for Drugs of Abuse
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: Ping Xiang
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2011 - Publisher:

This thesis covers a range of important issues in hair analysis and includes 27 scientific works in which the name of the candidate was either listed as the first author or as the major contributor. The work presented in this thesis involved the development of a series of analytical methods
Handbook of Drug Monitoring Methods
Language: en
Pages: 445
Authors: Amitava Dasgupta
Categories: Medical
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007-10-23 - Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

In Handbook of Drug Monitoring Methods: Therapeutics and Drug Abuse, authors discuss the different analytical techniques used in today’s practice of therapeutic drug monitoring and drugs of abuse as well as alcohol testing with relevant theory, mechanism, and in-depth scientific discussion on each topic. This volume is the perfect handbook